I'm doing experiments on minimal usage of my laptop. I wonder if I can avoid
using X. My main issue was to be able to switch keyboard mapping, between
en. On X11, I use command
setxkbmap. I was not used to do it on console
though, since I only use it when I have an issue on X11. So I found to ways.
The hard way: localectl
It seems that on systemd based system, command
localectl is available. It allows to change the mapping with
sudo localctl set-keymap us
Typing localectl without args show the actual configuration.
System Locale: LANG=fr_FR.UTF-8
VC Keymap: fr
X11 Layout: fr
X11 Model: pc105
X11 Variant: latin9
X11 Options: terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp
The thing is the modification is persistent and also modify X11 configuration. It's not applied right away on the console though. To apply your changes, you have to run:
It works! But having to type 2 commands with sudo is far to be as convenient than using
Thankfully, there is a better way.
The not so hard way: loadkeys
I found here and there on the Internet that I can use loadkeys to change
mapping on console. Unfortunately, that does not work on Debian (11), the
charmaps are not where the docs say they should be… I found that's because I
needed to install package
sudo apt install console-data
And then following command work:
sudo loadkeys us
There is a lot of available keymaps in
/usr/share/keymaps/i386 onceconsole-data` is installed, feel free to use your favorite weird dvorak based
Unfortunately though, I need to run this as root as it deals with some console specific system wide file descriptor.
I'm glad I can change keyboard mapping on console: no X11 was involved during the writing of this piece!
Posted on 2022-05-07 at 00:35Previous Back Next